Generally, anything which is transported via ship, airplane, train or any other type of transport is coined as freight. One can find the main application of the freight service in the e-commerce business where the companies provide home-delivery features to their customers. Freight service can also be necessary when companies have to send products to international countries. In another way, the freight shipping is also known as the shipment of large goods for manufacturing or commercial purposes through the land, air, and water. During the transportation of the products, they are loaded on to large pallets or sturdy containers and then involve multiple modes and steps of various forms of transport.
All the shipments that are larger than 30 inches and weighing over 150 pounds are considered freight. All the purchases which land other these dimensions would typically be the best option for the cost-effective means of transport through ship via parcel.
The two significant types of freight delivery systems are floor loaded and pallet loaded. The level loaded trucks need a lot of human resources for unloading while the pallet loaded can be emptied using the dock or the lift.
The standard forklift or truck can transport about 26 pallets. Typical pallet dimensions are 48 inches wide and 40 inches long. The pallets which exceed the height of 40 inches come in the double-pallet sections.
The three main types of freight shipping methods are FTL, LTL, and PTL freight shipping methods.
The FTL stands for the full-truck loaded while the LTL and PTL stand for less the truck loaded and partial vehicle loaded, respectively.
The FTL types of loads are generally shipped via truck or by rail due to a large number of pallets. A typical FTL load must contain 24-26 pallets to land in the category. The LTL is less number of pallets ranging from 4-6 pallets. They occupy a central place in the e-commerce business where the different pallets can be transported effectively through various rural and urban areas of the city. The PTL is the best for the middle-class business to carry their integral products from one town to their targeted buyer.